AIR-SEA INTERACTION MECHANISMS IN THE GENERATION OF PERSISTENCE LOW PRESSURE AREA OVER THE EASTERN INDIAN OCEAN SOUTHWEST SUMATERA OBSERVED DURING THE INDONESIA PRIMA 2017 FIELD CAMPAIGN

Siswanto Siswanto, Edi Kusmanto, Sri Puji Rahayu

Abstract


Sea sub-surface observations down to 1000m depth have been done during Expedition Indonesia PRIMA 2017 Indonesia by launching Conductivity Temperature Depth (CTD) instrument. There are seven CTD stations located on the South's Equatorial Current (SEC) pathway. Observations of the atmosphere have been done by releasing radiosonde balloons up to a height of 17 km and the hourly synoptic meteorological observation on board. This paper discusses the analysis of sub-surface marine data (temperature and salinity) as well as atmospheric convectivity obtained at the shiptime of Stage I of the Expedition towards 12S 85E to investigate the possibility of Indonesia Throughflow (ITF) water masses penetration in the Indian Ocean and its relation to the dynamics of the atmospheric low-pressure center in the Indian Oceas southwest of Sumetera. The analysis shows that there is an air-sea interaction at the time of the development of the low-pressure-area in the region i.e. the presence of a warm pool region (> 28°C) associated with a low-pressure atmospheric center. Warm pool is possible came from intrusive water masses suspected to be associated with ITF's water mass penetration in the Indian Ocean.

Keywords


Expedition, Indonesia PRIMA, CTD, Indian Ocean, low pressure area, ITF

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31172/jmg.v19i1.523

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