CORRELATION AND COHERENCE ANALYSIS OF SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE (SST) DISTRIBUTED BY THE SURFACE WIND IN WEST SUMATERA WATERS

Ulung Jantama Wisha, Rahaden Bagas Hatmaja, Ivonne Milichristi Radjawane, Try Al Tanto

Abstract


West Sumatera Waters have a tremendous dynamic in ocean characteristics. It directly faces the Indian Ocean exactly located below the equator. Consequently, West Sumatera waters are influenced by the tropical climatic factors such as monsoons, climate variability, and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), controlling sea surface temperature (SST) fluctuation in the Indian Ocean. This study aims to review the correlation and coherence of SST distributed by surface wind in the West Sumatera waters. Wavelet method (cross wavelet transforms and wavelet coherence) was used to analyze the correlation and coherency between SST and surface wind. The annual variation of SST for 365 days period is the strongest event throughout the year caused by either monsoon or the changes of wind speed in the surface. Otherwise, the strongest intra-seasonal SST variation of 35 - 60 days observed from December 2012 to March 2013. The highest surface wind speed occurs in the southern and western waters. During the positive dipole mode in October 2015, the surface wind speed is slightly high resulting in the SST declination. Nevertheless, during the negative dipole mode in July 2016, the condition is inversely proportional. The surface wind plays a role in the SST distribution of 35 - 60 days period (intra-seasonal variability). Besides, surface wind with 6 months period (semi-annual variability) influences the SST distribution, identified only in the southern waters and the Indian Ocean regions. These conditions predicted as the influence of monsoon.

 

Sumatera Barat merupakan wilayah perairan yang stategis dimana secara langsung berhadapan dengan Samudera Hindia dan tepat berada pada dibawah Garis Katulistiwa. Oleh karena itu, Perairan Sumatera Barat dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor iklim tropis seperti monsun dan variabilitas iklim, sangat terkait dengan Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) yang mengendalikan fluktuasi suhu permukaan laut (SPL) di Samudera Hindia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menelaah korelasi dan koherensi antara parameter SPL dan komponen kecepatan angin  di perairan Sumatera Barat. Metode wavelet (cross wavelet transform dan wavelet coherence) digunakan untuk menganalisa korelasi dan koherensi dari kedua parameter yang diuji. Variasi tahunan dari SPL pada periode 365 hari merupakan kejadian terkuat sepanjang tahun yang disebabkan oleh monsun atau perubahan pengaruh angin dipermukaan. Sebaliknya, variasi musiman terkuat dari SPL pada periode 35-60 hari ditemukan terjadi pada bulan Desember 2012 hingga Maret 2013. Kecepatan angin tertinggi terjadi di perairan selatan dan barat. Selama dipole mode positif pada bulan Oktober 2015, kecepatan angin permukaan sedikit meningkat yang mengakibatkan penurunan suhu perairan. Namun, selama dipole mode negatif pada bulan Juli 2016, kondisinya berbanding terbalik. Angin permukaan memainkan peran pada peningkatan distribusi suhu permukaan laut pada periode 35-60 hari (variabilistas musiman). Selain itu, angin permukaan dengan periode 6 bulan (tengah tahunan) sangat mempengaruhi distribusi suhu yang teridentifikasi pada wilayah selatan dan Samudera Hindia. Kondisi tersebut diperkirakan sebagai pengaruh dari monsun.


Keywords


Sea surface temperature, surface wind speed, West Sumatera, wavelet methods

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31172/jmg.v19i2.572

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